Remote control Sensing

 Essay regarding Remote Realizing

Basic principles

of Distant Sensing

A Canada Hub for Distant Sensing Remote control Sensing Article

Natural ResourcesRessources naturelles


Fundamentals of Remote Realizing - Desk of Articles

Page two

Table of Contents

1 ) Introduction

1 . 1 Precisely what is Remote Sensing? 5

1 . 2 Electromagnetic Radiation7

1 . 3 Electromagnetic Spectrum9

1 ) 4 Connections with the Atmosphere12

1 . your five Radiation -- Target16

1 ) 6 Unaggressive vs . Lively Sensing19

1 ) 7 Attributes of Images20

1 . almost eight Endnotes22

Performed You Know23

Whiz Questions and Answers27

2 . Detectors

2 . 1 On the Ground, Up, In Space34

2 . 2 Satellite Characteristics36

2 . 3 Pixel Size, and Scale39

2 . four Spectral Resolution41

2 . your five Radiometric Resolution43

2 . 6 Temporal Resolution44

2 . several Cameras and Aerial Photography45

2 . eight Multispectral Scanning48

2 . being unfaithful Thermal Imaging50

2 . twelve Geometric Distortion52

2 . eleven Weather Satellites54

2 . 12 Land Remark Satellites60

2 . 13 Marine Observation Satellites67

2 . 18 Other Sensors70

2 . 15 Data Reception72

2 . sixteen Endnotes74

Do You Know75

Whiz Questions and Answers83

Canada Middle for Remote Sensing

Basic principles of Remote control Sensing -- Table of Contents

Page 3

a few. Microwaves

a few. 1 Advantages 92

3. 2 Adnger zone Basic 96

3. 3 Viewing Geometry & Spatial Resolution 99

3. 5 Image distortion102

3. your five Target interaction106

3. 6 Image Properties110

3. 7 Advanced Applications114

3. almost eight Polarimetry117

several. 9 Airborne vs Spaceborne123

3. twelve Airborne & Spaceborne Systems125

3. 10 Endnotes129

Did You Know131

Whiz To discover and Answers135

4. Graphic Analysis

4. 1 Introduction141

4. 2 Visual interpretation144

4. three or more Digital processing147

4. 5 Preprocessing149

four. 5 Enhancement154

4. 6 Transformations158

4. 7 Classification161

4. almost 8 Integration164

four. 9 Endnotes166

Did You Know167

Wizard Quiz and Answers170

a few. Applications

a few. 1 Introduction174

5. two Agriculture177

п‚„ Crop Type Mapping

п‚„ Crop Monitoring

5. several Forestry184

п‚„ Clear slice Mapping

п‚„ Species id

п‚„ Burn Mapping

Canada Centre intended for Remote Sensing

Fundamentals of Remote Sensing - Table of Material

Page four

5. some Geology196

п‚„ Structural Mapping

п‚„ Geologic Units

five. 5 Hydrology203

п‚„ Overflow Delineation

п‚„ Soil Moisture

5. six Sea Ice209

п‚„ Type and Concentration

п‚„ Glaciers Motion

a few. 7 Land Cover215

п‚„ Rural/Urban transform

п‚„ Biomass Mapping

your five. 8 Mapping222

п‚„ Planimetry

п‚„ DEMs

п‚„ Dessin Mapping

five. 9 Seas & Coastal232

п‚„ Sea Features

п‚„ Ocean Color

п‚„ Olive oil Spill Diagnosis

5. twelve Endnotes240

Would You Know241

Whiz Quiz250




Paperwork for Teachers258

Canada Middle for Distant Sensing

Section 1 . you What is Remote control Sensing?

Site 5

1 . Introduction to Fundamentals

1 . 1 What is Distant Sensing?

So , what exactly is distant sensing? Intended for the uses of this guide, we will use the following classification:

" Remote control sensing is the science (and to some extent, art) of purchasing information about the Earth's surface devoid of actually staying in contact with this. This is done by sensing and recording reflected or provided energy and processing, inspecting, and making use of that information. "

In much of remote control sensing, the task involves a great interaction among incident rays and the goals of interest. This can be exemplified by the use of imaging devices where the following seven components are involved. Be aware, however that remote realizing also entails the sensing of provided energy plus the use of non-imaging sensors.

1 . Energy Source or Illumination (A) - the first requirement for remote realizing is to come with an energy source which will illuminates or provides electromagnetic energy for the target appealing.

2 . The radiation and the Atmosphere (B) -- as the energy travels from its source towards the target, it is going to come in contact with and...

References: п‚„ Lillesand, Capital t. M. and Kiefer, 3rd there’s r. W. (1994) Remote Realizing and Image Interpretation. Steve Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.

п‚„ Jensen, Ruben R. (1986) Introductory Digital Image Control. Prentice-Hall, New


п‚„ Russ, Ruben C. (1995) The Image Finalizing Handbook. second edition. CRC Press, Lihat Raton.

п‚„ Dougherty, Edward cullen R. and Charles R. Giardina (1987) Matrix Organized Image

Canada Centre for Remote Sensing

п‚„ Jain, Anil K. (1989) Basic principles of Digital Image Finalizing. Prentice-Hall, New


п‚„ Wahl, Freidrich M. (1987) Digital Graphic Signal Finalizing. Artech Property, Boston.

п‚„ Yu, Francis T. S i9000. and Suganda Jutamulia (1992) Optical Transmission Processing, Processing, and Neural Networks. David Wiley & Sons, New York.

п‚„ Canada Centre intended for Remote Sensing/Natural Resources Canada (1997). GlobeSAR2

Radar Image Processing and Information Removal Workbook Edition 1 . 2 .

п‚„ Barton, D. & S. Leonov (eds. ) (1997) Adnger zone technology encyclopedia, 511 l., Artec

Home, Norwood, MA, USA, ISBN 0-89006-893-3

п‚„ Oliver, C. & S. Quegan (1998) Understanding man-made aperture adnger zone images, 479

p., Artech House, Norwood, MA, USA, ISBN 089006850X.

п‚„ Werle D. (1988 and 1992) Radar Distant Sensing - A Training Manual, 193p, 75

35mm slides, Dendron Resource Online surveys Ltd, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, ISBN 0-

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