Poseidon in The Odyssey The Odyssey, by Homer, is definitely the archetype of all heroic tales. In this impressive poem, lots of the Greek gods are involved in Odysseus'…...Read
Sociology: The Comparative Method
Sociologists have embraced the system known as reasonable method as the most efficient method to expose taken-for-granted 'truths' or perhaps laws that folks have implemented. But what is comparative method and how can it work? Are there any advantages/disadvantages to exposing these false 'truths'. What forms or variations from the comparative method exist? Inside the pages to follow along with I will attempt to give you several insight and understanding of the actual comparative technique is, and how functions.
The comparative approach, simply put, is a process of evaluating two things (in our case societies, or perhaps the people that make-up society) and seeing if the result of the comparison reveals a difference between your two. Acceptable method endeavors to dereify (the technique of exposing misinterpreted norms. Best practice rules that world consider organic and inevitable characteristics of human existence) reified (the human produced norms or 'truths') values.
Obviously there are many ways in which a nomi (a labeled, at some time constructed, usual or truth) can be subjected. Which form of the comparative technique should one use nevertheless? The answer, whatever one is applicable to the 'truth' in question. For example , you certainly would not do a cross-gender form of assessment if you desired to expose if homosexuality has always been feared and looked straight down upon by most people through history. Simply no, rather you will perform a historic comparison of several different societies to see if these kinds of beliefs often existed, or, whether or not this is a recently constructed belief.
Let's look at little more closely at the previously listed historical comparability and see the way the comparative approach works with a certain example.
You cannot find any question that in today's western society we have a lot of dread and trepidation towards those who are labeled 'homosexual'. The question we all will attempt to answer however is actually or not it has been like this which is this a universal truth.
In ancient Greek societies persons had a very different opinion of men that slept with men. For example , it was deemed quite an prize for a friends and family with a youthful boy within the age of 12, to be offered the advantage on an more mature man an excellent source of society acquiring their kid into his house. The young youngster would go and live with this older man. The old man could have sex together with the young youngster on a regular basis until the boy designed facial hair. It was not until then the fact that boy was considered a male. Society thought that all an older guys, of great status, semen might help the youngster develop into a good young man. Once the boy developed the facial hair, the sex between the two would end. The elderly man's work was finished. Obviously this could be considered an atrocious and disgusting take action these days. The older gentleman in this case would certainly go to prison for the 'crimes' that he had determined. However , in Ancient Greece this was not only considered flawlessly normal, but as I previously stated, it absolutely was an exclusive chance and a great gift that not every single boy was 'lucky' enough to be given. Therefore , we can conclude out of this comparison that homophobia, as you may know it, is definitely not a organic truth, nor is it a universal perception. Rather it is just a socially built belief that many people have taken for granted as an inevitable component to human living.
It is important at this time to make clear something however. It is said that the role with the sociologist is known as a descriptive 1 as opposed to a prescriptive one particular. That is to say that the sociologist will need to describe the different practices, persuits and set ups that exist in a variety of societies rather than suggest to people which one is actually the correct belief or the 'real' truth.
Cross-gender comparisons is another commonly used evaluation used to uncover socially created truths. In Carol Gilligan's book 'In a different voice' we find an excellent example of a cross-gender assessment. She says that most people believe...