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The The law of gravity Probe M Launch Decision

 Essay about The Gravity Probe M Launch Decision

The Gravity Probe B Launch Decision – Case Study

Gravity Ubung B (GP-B) was a satellite television based objective funded by simply NASA. Attempts were led by the Stanford University physics department and Lockheed Matn, Stanford College or university being the principal contractor and Lockheed Matn as the subcontractor. Rex Geveden, the Deputy Center Director in Marshall Space Flight Center, was the System Manager at NASA as well as the primary head of the GP-B launch quest. The objective objective was going to test a pair of the estimations of Albert Einstein's basic theory of relativity: the geodetic impact and shape dragging. The GP-B research was among the longest-running jobs of NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION (NASA), with the financing received in 1964 to its final launch about April 20, 2004. Political pressures, poor risk management and hasty decision making were the principal reasons for the various conflicts inside the GP-B launch. Fear of cancelling and economical losses affected the clubs at NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION (NASA), Stanford School and Lockheed Martin to oversee the intricate specialized problems. Each of these organizations consisted of cross-functional clubs that manufactured independent decisions under different biases, with out co-ordination. Additionally , the task group also skilled several specialized anomalies while using Experimental Control Unit (ECU), a field on the spacecraft that located a number of electric components. These reasons resulted in a build-up of problems till the very end. Right management and collaborative pondering could have generated timely decisions, avoiding lots of the problems that GP-B faced. Challenges and biases that affected the stakeholders

The three significant stakeholders in cases like this were NASA, and its two contractor clubs from Stanford University and Lockheed Matn. Stanford University or college physics office, under the command of

Program Administrator Gaylord Green, was given the primary builder for the spacecraft simply by NASA. Lockheed Martin, within the leadership of Program Supervisor Bill Reeve, was the subcontractor that delivered the spacecraft and some aspects of the payload, and reported directly to Stanford. During the Trip Readiness Review at Vandenberg in This summer 2003, technical engineers identified problems with the ECU. The ECU created significant signal disturbance in the Superconducting Quantum Interference Device (SQUID). ECU located important electric instruments and gauges, and also monitored the dewar, a crucial piece of equipment that produced the main composition of the space vehicle. Mending the ELECTRONIC CONTROL UNIT required a collaborative management decision including all the significant stakeholders stated earlier. Stanford's System Manager Gaylord Green was confident the fact that ECU would work on orbit for the required length of time and would not pose a risk to the mission. He centered his statement on the considerable test system he integrated to check the spacecraft. Nevertheless , he clearly portrays two significant biases. He basics his theory on his initial experiment results and fails to consider following information that could influence his judgment, hence demonstrating a great ‘anchoring' tendency. Also, he chose to disregard the concerns lifted by Stanford's electronics administrator Bill Bencze, which displays Green's ‘confirmation' bias towards the situation. In certain situations, Green also displays ‘overconfidence' and ‘escalation to commitment' biases, by telling proceed with the launch with supreme self-confidence in its achievement. There was , the burkha reason that influenced Green. Fixing the ECU will require significant investment when it comes to time, funds and resources. Funding in this program had been cancelled many times, and was renewed by the lobbying efforts of Dr . Francis Everitt, the key Director at Stanford College or university. Thus, generally there

was a need for an individual with Green's power and position to create a solution for the problem quickly. This considerably influenced Green to advise launching GP-B without fixing the ECU. On the other hand, Bill Reeve, Lockheed's Program Supervisor for...

References: [1]. http://www.hse.gov.uk/risk/fivesteps.htm

[2]. http://einstein.stanford.edu/content/exec_summary/GP-B_ExecSum-prnt.pdf

[3]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravity_Probe_B

[4]. David Stephens, 100812 Functionality in Teams [PowerPoint Slides]

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