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To what extent do you consider that The Travel can be go through as a metaphor for the cultural fears and stresses surrounding HIV/AIDS in American in the eighties
American culture in the eighties was disturbed with fear and anxiety over a new disease referred to as AIDS, at first emerging amongst non typical social groupings вЂ“ primarily gay men, though eventually spreading to the вЂordinary' inhabitants. While the government remained silent, the mass media frantically reported of recently vigorous and healthy people reduced to living corpses and in the end death inside months of diagnosis. Details regarding the disease, its contagiousness, risks and means of dispersing was limited and often contradictory, hence fuelling nationwide worry. Although AIDS is in a roundabout way portrayed nor mentioned in The Fly, the film metaphorically represents and illustrates the horrors caused by the disease вЂ“ depicting man of science Seth's fast and tormenting decline following contamination, yet also showing and uncovering the fear and feelings of uncertainties evoked by the illness. Reaction and responses mirrored across America at the beginning of the AIDS pandemic in the 1980s.
It was in 1981, only five years prior to the making of The Take flight, that it became known in the media around the globe that numerous gay men in some of the greater cities of USA вЂ“ where the gay and lesbian population was more targeted, were falling seriously sick from a mysterious disease. The disease we have now know because AIDS was then known as GRID (Gay-Related Immune Deficiency), but was as well discriminatively named the gay and lesbian plague or perhaps gay cancers. Although gay and lesbian men were by far the most damaged social group, heterosexuals began already the entire year after the preliminary public break out to test positive for the condition, thus the name converted to AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Intriguingly, Sander M. Gilman, cited by Ashton kutcher MacKinnon (1992), argues that comparable tries of pin the consequence on in the 1970s, keeping homosexuals accountable for the propagate of genital herpes through their very own chosen promiscuous and immoral lifestyle were evident. However , GRID highlighted the connection between infection and immoral way of living more severly thus damagingly legitimized the brand new Right's idea of вЂus and them' further. Even though heterosexuals as well started screening positive pertaining to the disease, ASSISTS was - and to some extent still is, strongly stigmatically linked to homosexuality. This because, the вЂvenereological task constructs an auto dvd unit of disease transmission through which infection is viewed to pass from вЂabnormal' and вЂdiseased' subpopulations to the вЂgeneral' public. While using identification of HIV, this venerological style ensured that gay guys were built as the вЂsource' from the virus, and a вЂthreat' to popular society' (Redman, 1997: 102).
In the early years with the 1980s small was well-known about how SUPPORTS was growing and public anxiety about the epidemic was rapidly growing. Was thought that the big risk groupings were apart from homosexuals, also heroin lovers, hookers and Haitians. Interestingly these teams were considered as groups with bad probe and values especially by New Correct Wing and Christians throughout the US, because they were participating in activities constantly considered undesirable to popular Americans. It was therefore generally thought that these types of groups acquired brought ASSISTS upon themselves вЂ“ it was a punishment. All these 4 risk groupings were deemed non-conformist subpopulation and thus disregarded American white middleclass cultural principles and beliefs. Homosexuals the actual threat to family beliefs and fornication and synonymous alongside hookers with sinful promiscuity, addicts were deemed heavy societal burden and Haitians regarded outsiders being black, and thereby a minority, but in addition for their relationship with voodoo practices. Essentially, these people were thought deviant from normality. Interestingly, although hemophiliacs were classed as a risk group вЂ“ it absolutely was of no-fault of...
Bibliography: Benshoff, Harry. Monsters in the Closet: Homosexuality and the Scary Film (Manchester: Manchester College or university Press, 1997)
Brophy, Philip. Horrality вЂ“ вЂThe Textuality of Contemporary Horror Films', Screen; v. 28 no . you, 1986, pp. 2-13
MacKinnon, Kenneth. The Politics of Popular Representation: Reagan, Thatcher, AIDS and the Movies (London: Associated College or university Presses, 1992)
Redman, Philip. Invasion in the Monstrous Other folks: вЂHeterosexual Masculinities, the вЂAIDS Carrier' and the Horror Genre', in Deborah Steinberg yet others (eds. ), Border Patrols: Policing the Boundaries of Heterosexuality (London: Cassell, 1997)
Silver, Alain & Wayne Ursini. Scary Film Visitor (New York: Limelight Editions, 2000)
Sontag, Susan. Disease as Metaphor; and, ASSISTS and its Metaphors (London: Penguin, 1991)
Preventing HIV and AIDS, http://www.avert.org/